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Researchers: Professor Anthony Heath Nuffield College, Cambridge University; Dr Sin Yi Cheung, University of Birmingham
Funder: The British Academy
Date: Completed 2007

Aims: To examine ethnic minority disadvantage, particularly amongst second generation migrants, in the labour market with respect to employment and occupational attainment in 13 countries in Western Europe, North America, Australia and Israel).

Design: A cross-national study of ethnic minority disadvantage in the labour market amongst second and later generations. Study conducted by a team of sociologists in thirteen countries broadly divided into three groups: (1) classic immigrant countries such as Australia, Canada and the USA; (2) developed countries in Western Europe: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and Great Britain; (3) South Africa, Israel and Northern Ireland, ‘settler’ societies built on migration with some distinctive features. Based on secondary analysis of existing data using standardised analyses comparing disadvantages experienced by ethnic minorities with equally-qualified members of the majority population of the same age to distinguish the gross disadvantages that ethnic minorities typically experience in the labour market from the net disadvantages, or ‘ethnic penalties’, after controlling for educational qualifications and experience in the labour market.

Outputs: Heath, A., Yi Cheung, S. and Smith, S.N. (eds.) (2007) Unequal Chances: Ethnic Minorities in Western Labour Markets, Proceedings of the British Academy, 137 published for the British Academy by Oxford University Press.